2.4. Natural Capital 

This section includes description of Environmental safety management both at the stage of NPP design and construction followed by key results in the field of environmental protection.

Sergey Streltsov,
Director of Quality Management Department

What are the most sufficient results of the natural capital management within the reporting period?

In 2016 the Engineering Division formation was completed and in this regard it became necessary to have the unified safety culture standards for the whole division. Approval of Industrial Safety Policy of JSC ASE EC was an important event of the year.

Last year the Environmental Management System was re-certified and internal standards and permitting documentation was updated taking into account a change in requirements of the law and production processes. Based on re-certification results, the system compliance with requirements of the international standard ISO 14001:2004 was confirmed.

I want to underline that the division’s activity corresponded and corresponds to all the norms and requirements of the Russian Federation and the IAEA in the sphere of environmental and radiation safety.

How is the observation of environmental standards supervised and controlled during NPP construction?

For us, all aspects of environmental safety are of great importance, so requirements in the field of environmental protection are fixed by us in the contracts with all contractors. Besides, under these contracts we perform environmental monitoring at the construction facilities. The most part of the violations and non-conformances revealed according to the results of checks are eliminated. Claims work is in progress with a number of contractors, related to penalizing for violation of the environmental legislation.

What are the plans for 2017 and med-term plans in the field of environmental protection, particularly in the context that the year of 2017 was announced as the ecology year in Russia?

The year of 2017 has been announced by the President of Russia as the ecology year and it is the priority for our plants to always stay environmentally clean and safe.

Environmental safety is the key word of environmental policy as everybody knows that the nuclear industry provides the cleanest energy and practically does not disturb the environment.

It is the first thing to highlight that environmental policy of Rosatom supported by its own funds and that supported by the funds allocated under the Federal Target Program for settlement of environmental problems work together. And this is not a chance coincidence. Environmental projects are implemented centrally; Rosatom’s subdivisions involved in this issue are working consciously and with reference to each other. Consistency of ecological governing bodies, mid-level bodies responsible for safety in Rosatom and environment services of the plants is one of the main principles of the environmental policy ideology.

As a result of rational use of the aggregate means for environment projects implementation, Rosatom takes the lead among all large business communities both in reduction and in minimum volume of harmful substances emissions, consistently decreasing negative indicators from year to year. ROSATOM and its organizations implement a responsible environmental policy based on the principles of priority for natural environmental systems preservation; of compulsory use of the latest scientific achievements and environmental safety provision; transparency and availability of information on environmental aspects of the industry plants’ activities to public.

2.4.1. Environmental Safety Management at the Stage of NPP Designing

Natural capital means all renewable or non-renewable natural resources which, this way or another, are used by the Company during manufacture of goods/service rendering. Natural capital includes air, water, land, subsoil assets, forests, as well as biological diversity and ecosystem health. Natural capital management means contributions to respect for the environment and unconditional compliance with all necessary standards and requirements in environmental science and nuclear and radiation safety.

(GRI 416-1) Within the framework of RF environmental policy one of the main criteria used for taking decision about the possibility of implementation of the planned economic activity is its environmental safety.

Documentation is followed within any investment and construction project that is to be on the impact on the environment. During the development of environmental sections of project documentation, the Company uses safety standards (the main regulatory documents).

During the justification of environmental safety the following criterion is guided by: Any NPP is the source of three main types of impacts on the land, the aquatic system and population of its region – radiation, chemical and thermal.

In accordance with Federal Law “On environmental review”, design documentation for NPP construction undergoes state environmental review in the course of which it is established that the planned activities comply with the environmental requirements and it is determined whether the implementation of the project is permissible in terms of prevention of possible adverse impacts of the activity on the environment.

(GRI 416-2) In the reported period was no identification of any Non-compliance of standard requirements and voluntary codes concerning influence of any facility on environment and wellfare of people.

There are no infringements of ecological requirements.

Design Assessment of the Environmental Impact

(GRI 102-11) To ensure the safety of the NPP, its systems and elements are developed assuming the following natural and anthropogenic design impacts:

  • safe shutdown earthquake up to grade 8;
  • aircraft crash with the weight of 400 tons with the speed 150 m/sec.;
  • external shock wave with compression pressure in the front of 30 MPa;
  • design maximum wind velocity up to 56 m/sec.

NPP design combine the advantages of active and passive safety systems. One of the important passive safety systems is the core catcher installed in the lower power of the containment. It is designed for localization and cooling of molten corium of the reactor core in case of a hypothetical accident which can result in core damage.

This device allows maintaining the integrity of the containment and to prevent release of radioactive products into the environment even in case of hypothetical severe accidents.

NPP safety is also ensured due to the system of physical barriers against the release of radioactive substances into the environment.

Radiation Impact of the NPP on the Environment and the Population

NPPs are designed in such a way that radioactive impact on the population and the environment during normal long-term operation, assumed operational disturbances and design basis accidents do not result in exceeding the established doses of the population exposure. Radiation impact on the population and environment is maintained below the established design limits on the reasonably achievable low level.

Maximal total doze of the population exposure to radionuclides developed during the operation of an NPP, is from 2 to 5 % from the minimum significant dose produced by radionuclides of natural origin.

Dose load on the critical components of the land and the aquatic systems during the NPP operation is five and more degrees of order lower than the safe level.

Thermal Impact by the NPP on the Environment

In the NPP designs the turbine equipment is cooled by evaporation cooling towers with counter-flow movement of the water and air coolant for one power unit.

The obtained average annual values of temperature and specific air humidity increment in the surface air is significantly lower than the average annual values and year to year variations of these meteorological parameters. Releases of heat and moisture during the operation of cooling towers will not have a significant impact on the microclimate of adjacent territories.

Chemical Impact on the Environment

The technical solutions exclude the possibility of penetration into the environment of contaminated and untreated sewage. Sewage water undergo complete biological and intensive treatment and are re-used in the NPP cycle.

The sources of chemical contaminants are localized on the NPP territory, the value of hazardous chemical substances released into the environment do not exceed the established maximal permissible concentrations.

Waste Produced in the Process of an NPP Operation

Radioactive waste produced during an NPP operation are treated in accordance with the system of liquid and solid radioactive waste management.

At all the stages of works for reloading, transportation and storage of spent nuclear fuel, biological protection of the servicing personnel is ensured as well as limination of radioactive impact on the population and environment.

Monitoring of release of radionuclides from the NPP into the environment is performed by automated radiation monitoring system.

Natural capital means all renewable or non-renewable natural resources which, this way or another, are used by the Company during manufacture of goods/service rendering. Natural capital includes air, water, land, subsoil assets, forests, as well as biological diversity and ecosystem health. Natural capital management means contributions to respect for the environment and unconditional compliance with all necessary standards and requirements in environmental science and nuclear and radiation safety.

2.4.2. Environmental Safety Management at the Stage of NPP Construction Control

Responsibility for organization of works related to compliance with legislation in the sphere of environmental protection and environmental safety is determined in the internal organizational and administrative documents of the companies which are part of the Engineering Division.

Responsibility for organization, regulation and coordination of the activities in the sphere of organization of works for environmental protection is born by Quality Director of JSC ASE EC.

At construction facilities of the Engineering Division, responsibility for the compliance with the requirements to environmental protection is born by heads of structural divisions.

Ensuring Industrial Safety at Construction Sites

Industrial safety in the Engineering Division is ensured in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents of the Russian Federation and the Uniform Industry Policy of ROSATOM in the sphere of industrial safety.

With the purpose of implementing the Uniform Industry Policy of ROSATOM, JSC ASE EC has issued the approved Policy of JSC ASE EC in the sphere of industrial safety.

In 2016 the inspection structures of the Engineering Division have performed inspections of industrial safety at the nuclear facilities constructed by the company and inspections of organization of industrial control over industrial safety at hazardous industrial facilities.

In the course of the performed inspections it was established that the companies operating hazardous industrial facilities comply with the requirements of industrial safety, namely:

  • hazardous industrial facilities are registered in the state register;
  • civil liability for damage as a result of an accident at hazardous industrial facilities is insured;
  • there are local regulatory acts in place that nominate the persons responsible for organization and performance of industrial control of industrial safety at hazardous industrial facilities;
  • job descriptions for the above mentioned persons have been developed, regulations on production control, industrial manuals and manuals for occupational safety for the operating personnel and the personnel involved in cargo slinging.

In branch offices of the general contractor there are appointed persons who are in charge of monitoring of the status of industrial safety at construction sites of hazardous industrial facilities, internal audits of safety are performed with inspection of the industrial site. Upon results of the audits the contractors receive prescription about elimination of the identified violations with further control of performing the prescription requirements.

Measures performed within the framework of inspection activities and industrial control made it possible to avoid accidents in 2016 determined in the RF legislation as accidents and incidents at hazardous industrial facilities.

The status of ensuring industrial safety in the Engineering Division, considering the absence of accidents and incidents at hazardous industrial facilities, is evaluated as satisfactory.

Industrial and Environmental Monitoring and Control

In 2016, Regulations on Industrial Environmental Control and Monitoring were enacted for joint use of JSC ASE EC and JSC ASE. This standard specifies the organizational structure of industrial environmental monitoring, the rights and obligations of officials, criteria of environmental monitoring at Russian and foreign construction facilities considering the categories of the facilities having a negative impact on the environment.

In 2016, industrial environmental monitoring was performed at all construction and operational facilities of the Engineering Division together with Novovoronezh branch office – construction head office of JSC Atomenergoproekt, in Kursk branch office of JSC ASE EC, in branch officers of JSC NIKIMT-Atomstroy.

The results of the maximum permissible release compliance monitoring evidenced that the release standards were not exceeded.

Ensuring Nuclear and Radiation Safety During Construction of Nuclear Facilities and NPP Decommissioning

JSC ASE EC and the companies that are part of management scope of JSC ASE EC (JSC NIKIMT – Atomstroy, PJSC Energospetsmontazh and VDMU LLC) have been acknowledged by the state control authority of nuclear power – ROSATOM, to be suitable for activities related to operation and decomissioning of radiation sources and storage facilities for radioactive substances.

In order to use the sources of ionizing radiation, these companies have licenses for the right to perform works in the sphere of nuclear power issued by the state safety regulatory body. FMBA of Russia has granted sanitary and epidemiological permissions for the above activities. The companies have nominated persons responsible for ensuring and maintaining radiation safety. Such persons have undergone training, have obtained certification and permissions of Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia.

Industrial radiation monitoring is performed in accordance with radiation monitoring program approved by FMBA of RF.

During NPP construction by the Engineering Division organizations for inspecting the quality of welds, basic metal and surfacing of the equipment and pipelines, the radiographic examination is carried out with the use of radionuclide flaw detectors with the closed radionuclide sources. In 2016, no accidents occurred caused by the use of radionuclide sources and radioactive substances release in the Engineering Division organizations.Individual exposure doses are accounted. Quarterly and annual doses as well as the total dose during the whole working period are accounted as well.

Industrial radiation monitoring is performed in accordance with radiation monitoring program approved by FMBA of RF. The norm is 19 mSv per year. All the indicators are significantly below the established norm.

The personnel is equipped with individual dose meters performing the accumulative and indicating function with a sound alarm when the radiation dose exceeds the threshold. Individual dose meters undergo annual verification with issuance of certificates.

Registration and control of radioactive substances are performed in accordance with NP-067-16 "General Rules for Accounting and Control of Radioactive Substances and Radioactive Waste in Organization".

These organizations are entered into the resister of organizations of the system of state registration and control of radioactive substances and radioactive waste. The storage of ionizing radiation source is performed in stationary storage facilities in accordance with the requirements of radiation safety.

In order to ensure readiness to prevention of accidents at nuclear facilities, measures for prevention of accidents and incidents are in place. There are plans available to protect the personnel against radiation accident and its consequences approved by FMBA of RF. Regular drills are held in accordance with the approved programs and methods of anti-accident drills.

Sets of individual protection means are available, as well as communication facilities and tools for elimination of the consequences of radiation incidents.

During 2016 there were examinations of the observation of requirements of federal norms and rules in the sphere of the use of nuclear power during the operation of radiation sources. Such examinations are performed by organs of internal control of safety and quality, state regulatory authorities of atomic energy use and state regulatory authorities of safety of atomic energy use. The drawbacks and non-conformances revealed by the commissions were promptly eliminated during the work of the commissions.

The radiation safety assurance in organizations operating radioactive substances is assessed as satisfactory.

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Indices of Exposure Doses of Group A Personnel*
Name of company Number of monitored persons Number of persons who have received effective radiation doze Annual effective dose (mSv)
0–1
mSv
1–2
mSv
2–5
mSv
5–20
mSv
20–50
mSv
Above 50
mSv
JSC ASE EC201599000000.26
201666000000.25
JSC NIKIMT-Atomstroy2015216951001.18
2016210000000
PJSC ESM20157322201912003.11
201643108196004.38
VDMU LLC20151960112004.03
2016205159003.81
* These are persons who, in accordance with Basic Sanitary Regulations for Radiation Safety Assurance" (OSPORB-99/2010) are admitted to work with radioation sources (not younger than 18, without medical contra-indications, referred to Group A personnel in the order of the company director, having undergone graining on the rules of work with radiation source and radiation safety and instruction on radiation safety).

2.4.3. Results in the Field of Environmental Protection

Like in the previous years, the organizations of the Engineering Division were actively involved in the performans related to environmental protection, aimed at compliance with the requirements of the environmental legislation, mitigation of the negative impact on the environment and rational use of natural resources.

In 2016, JSC ASE EC, the managing company of the Engineering Division, successfully passed a re-certification audit of environmental management system for compliance with the requirements of international standard ISO 14001:2004.

JSC ASE EC has identified environmental aspects during designing, construction and the administrative activities.

The environmental aspects are extremely important for the Engineering Division because the slightest deviation from the established norms can result in irreparable consequences. That’s why during the development of a design for NPP construction, all environmental aspects that have a significant impact on the environment, are considered. The developed design documentation undergoes public hearing and state environmental impact assessment.

All organizations of the Engineering Division of ROSATOM employ specialists and engineers qualified in ecology whose skills and knowledge allow achieving new results every year in management of natural capital (air, water, soil, biological diversity) during construction and operation of administrative and industrial facilities.

The description of environmental characteristics of facilities under construction you can see in chapter 2.2.3. Environmental protection of ASE Group’s annual report for 2015.
The description of natural properties of construction facilities is given in section 2.2.3. Environmental Protection of the Public Annual Report of ASE Group of Companies for 2015.

Organizations which are part of the Engineering Division, in 2016 had an adverse effect on the environment during industrial performance, construction of NPPs, operation of administrative and industrial facilities, in terms of releases of contaminants into the atmospheric air, placement of waste in specialized waste fields and discharge of contaminants into water.

In 2016 the companies of the Engineering Division having a negative impact on the environment, were put in a specialized state register. Following the registration of Engineering Division facilities, the major part of its facilities was classified by the state authorities under category III (facilities of low environmental impact) and category IV (facilities of minimum environmental impact).

The state authorities refused to register some entities (e.g. office building of JSC ASE) because they produce no negative effect on the environment in accordance with the criteria approved in the Russian Federation. The state authorities also refused to register NPPs under construction which, in accordance with the approved criteria, are not to be registered as facilities having a negative impact on the environment.

The Engineering Division is not involved in NPP operation, all the negative impact on the environment is produced during NPP construction and operation of administrative and industrial facilities.

Waste Products

(GRI 306-2) The Engineering Division construction and operation facilities effect the industrial and consumer waste management in line with the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation, the countries of operation and the developed draft standards for waste production and limits for their disposal.

Waste accumulation areas are available at all construction and operation facilities of the Engineering Division of ROSATOM. Waste is accumulated in special containers, and as they are filled, the waste is handed over to specialized companies for further disposal, decontamination and burial.

The Engineering Division’s facilities for long-term waste storage and disposal are out of operation.

International Public Inspection

In October 2016 an ecological expedition was arranged to visit the Belarus NPP construction site.

The expedition’s goal was to issue an environmental passport of the Belarus NPP construction site that will make possible to have a database for further monitoring of the environmental situation at NPP. All studies were made by environmental engineers with their own certified professional equipment that was a guarantee of their objectiveness. Dosimetric measurements were taken in 220 points of the Belarus NPP construction site, the adjacent territory in the town of Ostrovets. Readings were within the range from 0.07 to 0.18 μSv/h that complies with the natural background of the region. Measurements also showed that building materials and equipment used for construction fully corresponded to the codes and requirements in force.

During the expedition a social research "Public environmental assessment of the Belarus NPP construction" was implemented. 262 respondents – inhabitants of Ostrovets, Grodno Region and Minsk – took part in a random enquiry. The enquiry showed that:

  • 62 % support the NPP construction,
  • 88 % think that NPP will create high-paid working positions in the region,
  • 72 % consider that NPP will enhance power supply reliability, and 63 % think that it will reduce electricity rates.

Alan Khasiev, the expedition leader, the chairman of the Interregional Environmental Movement “Oka”, said: "The public of the Republic of Belarus is more than ever convinced that Russia develops the nuclear power to create the fair, sustainable and environmentally clean world, particularly for increase of energy availability, poverty overcoming, steady economic development of the world regions and settlement of social tasks".

Construction of the Belarus NPP (Belarus Republic)
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Waste Products*
Generation of wastes as per hazard categories and treatment types Waste capacity, tons
201420152016Δ 2016–2015, %
I hazard class waste (extremely hazardous), including:2.093.732.35–40
• storage on company site0.08No dynamics due to no waste generated in 2014 and 2015
• handed over to other specialized companies for use0.600.390.57+46
• handed over to other specialized companies for deactivation1.493.341.70–49
II hazard class waste (high hazard), including:2.223.081.32–57
• storage on company site0.08No dynamics due to no waste generated in 2014 and 2015
• handed over to other specialized companies for deactivation2.223.081.24–60
III hazard class waste (moderately hazardous), including:8.208.938.46–5
• storage on company site1.58No dynamics due to no waste generated in 2014 and 2015
• handed over to other specialized companies for use3.493.453.27–5
• handed over to other specialized companies for deactivation4.243.743.06–18
• handed over to be allocated on landfill of other company0.471.740.55–69
IV hazard class waste (low-hazard), including:4,214.422,957.973,097.63+5
• storage on company site0.100.200.70+249
• handed over to other specialized companies for use6.7141.2078.81+91
• handed over to other specialized companies for deactivation1,046.46661.8169.33–90
• handed over to be allocated on landfill of other company3,161.142,254.762,948.80+31
V hazard class waste (no significant hazard), including:1,652.151,780.902,398.90+35
• used for in-house manufacture174.52411.5246.85–89
• storage on company site8.59No dynamics due to no waste generated in 2014 and 2015
• handed over to other specialized companies for use298.94344.98460.32+33
• handed over to other specialized companies for deactivation0.90No dynamics due to no waste generated in 2014 and 2015
• handed over to be allocated on landfill of other company1,178.691,024.431,882.24+84
Total for I–V hazard class wastes5,879.084,756.945,508.65+16
* For more details see Annex 13.

In 2016 the Total Waste Production Amounted to

5,508.65 TONS

Increase of the amount of waste production in most cases was caused by increase of the number of personnel and tenants in administrative and office buildings. Reduction of the volume of waste production was related to reduction of work scope at some construction facilities, reduction of the number of personnel and implementation of measures aimed at reduction of waste production. One of the examples of such measures was active use of electronic document circulation system, due to which paper waste volume decreased significantly in total volume of hazard class IV and V waste.


(GRI 306-4) Transportation and handover of waste for use/ decontamination/disposal was performed under contracts with specialized companies having license for collection, transportation, treatment, disposal, decontamination and burial of hazard I–IV classes waste. In some cases hazard V class waste was transported in the company’s own vehicles.

JSC ASE EC and the companies which belong to the management scope, did not perform in 2016 any transportation, import, export or treatment of waste which is hazardous according to Annexes 1, 2, 3 and 4 to Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal”.

During the reporting period, the organizations of the Engineering Division of ROSATOM did not produce any significant impact on the environment during transportation.

In 2016 the technical maintenance of motor vehicles was performed in specialized technical centers on the basis of concluded contracts.

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Applied Materials

During construction and assembly works, road filling at NPP construction facilities, the Engineering Division uses such nonrenewable materials like broken stone, sand and semi-products like bricks, metal structures and pipelines.

No accounting of materials per weight and volume is maintained as construction and assembly works and erection works at construction facilities are performed with involvement of contractors who independently procure raw materials in accordance with the working documentation.

In the Engineering Division there is no registration of treated or re-used waste.

Impact on Ambient Air

During the reporting year, releases of pollutants into ambient air were performed in strict compliance with the requirements of the legislation of RF.

The organizations which belong to the scope of the Engineering Division and which release pollutants into the ambient air, have standards of maximum admissible releases and permissions for release of pollutants into the atmospheric air.

The motor vehicles of the companies of Engineering Division underwent technical maintenance within the established dates under contracts with specialized service centers.

Measurements of polluting releases (СО, СН) were performed regularly, the measurement results were recorded in the appropriate logs, further adjustment of fuel systems of motor transport was performed (when necessary).

Releases of Pollutants into Ambient Air, tons

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NOSO2COOther substancesTotal
in 2014
3.73 0.80 15.69 63.93 84.15
in 2015
3.75 0.32 13.91 61.56 79.54
in 2016
2.83 0.21 10.06 63.42 76.52
-25%
Nitrogen oxide release was reduced in 2016 as compared to 2015
-34%
Sulphur dioxide release was reduced in 2016 as compared to 2015
-28%
Carbon oxide release was reduced in 2016 as compared to 2015
+3%
Other substances release was increased in 2016 as compared to 2015
-4%

Impact on Water Resources

Mostly city water supply systems were used in the companies of the Engineering Division for water supply.

The total volume of water consumed from city water supply systems, compared to 2015, increased by 17 % and totaled in 129.438 thousand m3.

Water intake from surface water reservoirs (Tsimlyansk storage lake) in 2016 was performed at Rostov NPP and totaled in 30.5 thousand m3 which is 14 % less than in 2015.

Water intake from artesian wells was performed at Baltic NPP site and Lesnoy Uyut recreation center of JSC ASE EC.

In 2016 water intake from underground water reservoirs (artesian wells) increased by 78 % and totaled in 12.246 thousand m3.

At Baltic NPP construction site the water intake was performed in accordance with the license for the use of subsoil obtained by ROSENERGOATOM CONCERN JSC on 24.09.2015 KLG No 02483 ВП valid until 01.09.2020. The Baltic Branch Office of JSC ASE EC as General Contractor, takes technical water from an artesian well for temporary water supply of the construction site.

Water intake at Lesnoy Uyut recreation center was performed in accordance with the license for the use of subsoil No. 01272 ВЭ dated 24.07.2009 received by JSC ASE EC. Increased water consumption was caused by increased number of employees of JSC ASE EC who go to the recreational center on holiday.

Water intake of organizations of the Engineering Division in 2016 did not have a significant impact on water supply sources.

(GRI 306-1, 306-5) No process sewage water was produced in the reported period.

Total volume of domestic and rain water sewage was 234.92 thousand m3.

Domestic and rain water was discharged mainly to city sewage network, except Volgodonsk and Baltic Branch Offices of JSC ASE EC.

In Volgodonsk Branch Office of JSC ASE EC sewage water was discharged mainly through the central treatment facilities of Rostov NPP.

In the Baltic Branch the sewage water was discharged to channel ИН-18-8 after preliminary treatment at sewage mechanical and biological treatment facilities.

(GRI 306-3) Significant spills were not committed in JSC ASE, JSC ASE EC and other companies of ASE Group.

Surface Waters Consumption, Including Swamps, Rivers, Lakes and Oceans, thousand m3

Underground Waters Consumption, thousand m3

Waters Consumption of Municipal and Other Water Supply Systems, thousand m3

Impact on the Soil

In 2016, reclaimed land were at the Kursk NPP-2.

The complex construction of Rostov NPP Power units 3 & 4 was followed by rehabilitation of 351,812 m2 out of the totally disturbed 435,559 m2, that was underway within 2014–2016. The remaining part of the disturbed land, i.e. 83,747 m2 is to be reclaimed at the final stage of construction.

The Area of Disturbedland, m2

Expenditures for Environmental Protection Measures, mln RUB

The main reason of reduction of expenses for environmental protection measures at construction sites in 2016 was the reduction of work scope, and, accordingly, reduction of produced waste and consumption, the number of employees and absence of necessity to issue and develop permitting environmental documentation which was developed in the previous years.

The reduction of expenses for environmental protection measures at operational facilities in 2016 was caused by introduction and active use of electronic document circulation system, increase of the scope of paper materials handed over to archives which resulted in reduced.

Payment for negative environmental impact (hereinafter – NEI) in 2016 was made by all the companies of the Division with the exception of representative offices and branch offices located abroad.

Upon the results of 2016, the total amount of payment for NEI was 3,398 mln rubles.

Compared to 2015, the payment for NEI in 2016 in the Engineering Division on the whole reduced by 8 %. Reduction of NEI payment amount is related to reduction of work scope, and, accordingly, to the scope of negative impact on the environment.

In accordance with the design of construction of Kursk NPP-2, in 2016 a vegetation soil layer of the total area 997,000 m2 was disturbed. During the reported period 27,666.67 м2 of land was rehabilitated. The soil was stored in the areas indicated by the Customer, for further use.

The Area of Rehabilitate Land, m2

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Payment for NEI and Taxes for Use of Natural Resources, thousand RUB
Type of payment201420152016Δ 2016–2015, %
For waste disposal3,460.393,447.293,308.09–4
For releases of pollutants into atmosphere by stationary sources104.9442.9122.20–48
For releases of pollutants into water bodies184.85194.8563.80-67
Water tax2.352.713.84+41
Total3,752.543,687.773,397.93–8
Amount of Penalties in the Division for Violations in the Field of Environmental Protection, thousand RUB

(GRI 307-1) The total amount of penalties for failure to comply with the environmental legislation in the reporting period reduced by 54 % and totaled in 23,000 Rubles.

2.4.4. Power Efficiency

In Engineering Division, energy resources were mainly used for service-utility and production-technological needs.

The amount of energy resources consumption in 2016 amounted to:

FOR ELECTRIC POWER
40.25
MLN KW/H;
–14%
If compared to 2015 the volume of electric power consumption reduced by
OR THERMAL POWER
215,162.60
GJ
–3%
Volume of thermal power consumption reduced by
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Consumption of Electricity
Type of resources 2014 2015 2016 Δ 2016–
–2015, %
kW/hmln RUBkW/hmln RUBkW/hmln RUB
Electric power, including spent:39,228,710188.5846,644,024239.0340,245,507208.82–14
• for domestic needs23,613,965116.7025,033,253128.9123,749,587126.14–5
• for operation of electric devices in process flows15,179,26870.1021,139,762107.8915,882,41479.83–25
• for operation of electric motors435,4761.78471,0082.23613,5052.85+30
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Consumption of Thermal Energy
Type of resources 2014 2015 2016 Δ 2016–
–2015, %
GJmln RUBGJmln RUBGJmln RUB
Thermal energy, including spent:219,66264.17221,21270.44215,16277.05–3
• for heating149,16337.75151,85244.55140,92548.38–7
• for process needs4,0982.705,6023.547,5932.95+36
• for hot water supply7,6893.827,7452.7610,1074.15+30
Other (heating and hot water supply)58,71019.9056,01219.5956,53621.57+1

In 2016 the companies of the Division used non-renewable types of fuel for motor vehicles and heating.

The volume of fuel consumed in 2016 reduced as follows: for petroleum consumption – by 2 %, for diesel fuel – by 22 %, for fuel oil – by 48 %, for coal – by 10 %.

Reduction of consumption of the above fuel was caused by optimization of expenses for own needs, reduction of the scope of own transportation, use of rented vehicles, discharge from the books of motor vehicles with diesel motors, reduction of the scope of performed works, purchase of new equipment with lower capacity and high energy efficiency.

In 2016 the consumption of natural gas increased insignificantly – by 6 %.

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Fuel Consumption*
Fuel type Fuel flow rate / fuel purchase expenses
2014 2015 2016 Δ 2016–2015, %
tmln RUBtmln RUBtmln RUB
Gasoline1,218.9037.241,419.7047.861,390.3049.26–2
Diesel fuel2,508.8078.352,949.4096.362,314.9093.76–22
Fuel oil72.202.1468.002.0435.001.07–48
Natural gas1,541.309.031,435.008.691,525.009.70+6
Coal126.300.59116.500.46104.300.52–10
* More detailes you can see in Annex 12.
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