Glossary 

Box-models – simplified 3D-models.

ЕРС-companies (EPC-contractor) – (ЕРС-engineering, procurement, construction) – companies implementing a project on a turn-key basis., The functions of an EPC companies include designing, procurement and construction.

EPCM-companies – (EPCM – Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Management) – companies applying the methods and technique of portfolio management of turn-key projects. The functions of an EPCM companies include designing, procurement, construction and project management.

ISO – a set of international standards on management organization of a company aimed at ensuring a predictable and stable level of services.

LCOE – Levelized Cost of Electricity – [KW*h] during the whole life cycles, it is expressed in monetary unit for generation of 1 KW*h. LCOE is determined as the unit cost of electricity, as the sum of all the expenses (capital, operational, including the cost of fuel, treatment of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste, personnel expenses, NPP decommissioning and other costs) during the whole life of an NPP (considering the time value of money) in relation to the NPP capacity (design or actual capacity).

LEAN – concept of management of a company aimed at minimizing all types of losses. LEAN production assumes the involvement of each employee in the optimization process.

Rapid Foresight – is a technology which allows the people who participate in the foresight, to agree upon the future concept, their activities in relation to such future and their desired future. Basis of the method: Joint work of the participants in a time map; working with images and diagrams instead of tests.

Smart Grid – upgraded electrical supply networks that use information and communication technologies for collection of information about power generation and power consumption making it possible to automatically increase efficiency, reliability, economic return and stability of power generation and distribution.

World skills – the international non-commercial movement aimed at improving the profile and recognition of skilled people, and developing professional education by harmonization of the best practices and professional standards all over the world by arrangement and conduct of professional skills contests.

Business “Equipment” – the economic activity of the Division aimed at gaining revenue from supply of equipment for nuclear power plants construction.

VVER.1000 – safe NPP design developed with consideration of the national experience in construction and operation of the previous reactor plant (В-320) Zaporizhye, Balakovo, South-Ukraine and Kalinin NPP and the latest world achievements in the field of NPP design and operation. According to the international classification, VVER.1000 is included into the category of nuclear power plants of the III generation. When designing the nuclear power plant, the designers focused on the maximum reduction in the human factor. Such concept was implemented in two directions. Firstly, the design included passive safety systems. This term refers to systems operating almost without any external power supply and requiring no human intervention. Secondly, the concept of the double-purpose active safety systems was adopted, which considerably reduced the possibility of undetected failures. To avoid the uncontrolled chain reaction in the reactor, the special control rods made of neutron-absorbing materials are used which immediately suppress nuclear reaction when inserted in the core.

VVER.1200Е – is the most advanced typical design of the Russian nuclear power plant of III+ generation with improved technical and economic characteristics. This project is aimed at achievement of modern safety and reliability indicators with optimized capital investments in power plant construction. VVER reactor with a minimum electric power of 1,150 MW (and possible boost up to 1,200 MW) is supposed to be used. According to the approved Terms of Reference, designs of two nuclear power plants were developed: Novovoronezh NPP-2 (General Designer – JSC Atomenergoproekt, Moscow) and Leningrad NPP-2 (General Designer – St.-Petersburg Research and Design Institute Atomenergoproekt JSC).

BN-800 – is a sodium-cooled fast reactor for final fine-tuning technologies of the fast-fission reactors using the uraniumplutonium MOX-fuel. The electrical power – 880 MW.

Back-End – the final life cycle stage of nuclear facilities and materials.

VVER.1300TOI – a standard optimized and information-based design for a two-unit NPP with VVER.1300 reactor (pressurizedwater reactor). The VVER-TOI design is developed on the basis of the VVER.1200E design materials with maximum consideration of the experience obtained by industry organizations designing NPP based on the VVER technologies (Novovoronezh NPP-2). Design solutions are optimized to minimize failures having adverse effect on economic performance of the power unit.

General Contractor – a contract party which assigns performance of certain types and packages of work under the contract to the specialized contracting organizations – subcontractors. The General Contractor is fully responsible to the customer for performance of the contractual work package and proper quality thereof, timely removal of defects and faults, etc.

Customer (Developer) – a person or legal entity intending to carry out construction, reconstruction or other type of construction works which requires a construction permit.

Expenses for EP (environment protection) – the amount of expenses of enterprises (organizations, institutions), individual entrepreneurs, the state (budgets of RF, constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation, and municipalities) for the purposes of nature protection (collection, treatment, reduction, prevention or elimination of pollution, contamination as such, or any other types and elements of environmental degradation, which are the result of entrepreneurial activities), carried out at the expense of all sources of financing.

Engineering – engineering and consulting services of research, design and engineering, calculation and analytical nature, preparation of projects feasibility studies, elaboration of recommendations in the field of production and management administration, i.e. a package of commercial services for preparation and support of the production and product distribution process, maintenance and operation of industrial, infrastructure and other facilities.

Obeya or Oobeya room – in Japanese means “Big room or big conference hall” where work is coordinated and decisions are taken. Obeya room is a humanistic approach to new products development.

Local supplier – supplier registered in the area of the facility location.

International Project Management Association (IPMA Delta) Model – enhancing of effectiveness of the company design activities implemented in accordance with the best international practice in the field of project management. Confirmation of the company competence in the field of project management on the international level.

Plan-Do-Check-Act Model (planning-action-checking-adjustment) – the cyclic process of decision taking during quality management. Design documentation – documentation containing materials in textual form and in maps (diagrams) determining the architectural, functional, process, structural, engineering and technical solutions to ensure construction, reconstruction of capital construction facilities, their parts, capital refurbishment if during such refurbishment structural and other properties of reliability and safety of capital construction are affected.

Design and survey works – works related to engineering survey, development of feasibility studies for construction, development of designs, working documentation, budget documentation for construction (new construction, expansion, reconstruction, technical refurbishment) of buildings and facilities.

Detailed Design Documentation – documentation developed based on approved design documentation and meant for construction works performance. Radioactive substances – substances with radioactive nuclides in their structure.

Construction – a whole process of NPP construction from survey and design works to putting into the Customer’s operation.

Environmental safety – protection of environment and vital human interests against possible negative effects of economic and other activities, natural and man-induced emergency situations and their consequences.

NPP Power Unit (power unit) – a part of a nuclear power plant representing a set of main and auxiliary equipment, combined in a unified process system designed to generate electricity by using one or two turbine units with/without heat generating by converting the nuclear fuel energy.

List of Abbreviations

SNPP – small nuclear power plants

NPP – nuclear power plant

PSA – probabilistic safety analysis

EC – the European Commission

CI – capital investments

IWL – individual work limit

IMP – initial maximum contract price

FS – feasibility study

EIA – environmental impact assessment

PNAE – nuclear power rules and regulations

PSAR – preliminary safety analysis report

RPS – ROSATOM Production System

RAW – radioactive waste

RS – radioactive substances

DDD – detailed design documentation

SME – subjects of small and medium-sized business entities

LCM – life-cycle management

FMBA – Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia

P/u – power unit

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